It depends on the deer. Some can jump relatively high, while others not so much. But deer can generally jump anywhere from 3 to 6 feet high. So next time you’re out in nature, keep an eye out for these majestic creatures and admire their ability to leap high into the air.
Factors That Affect A Deer’s Jumping Ability
- Size and weight of the deer
- Type of deer
- Obstacles in the way
Leap Lengths Of Different Deer
Some species of deer can jump higher than other deer.
White-Tailed Deer: (6 to 8 feet) The white-tailed deer are relatively small, weighing between 68-180 kg (150-400 lb). White-tailed deer can jump up to 0.9 m (3 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 2.1 m (8 ft) high.
One white-tailed deer was recorded clearing a 12-foot fence! When startled, white-tailed deer will also run up to 50 kilometers per hour (30 miles per hour) at high speeds.
Red Deer: (6 to 7 feet) Red deer are the most significant type and can weigh up to 225 kg. Red deer can jump up to 7 feet high, which is impressive considering their size. When startled, red deer will also run at high speeds up to 50 kilometers per hour (30 miles per hour).
Elk: (6.9 to 8 feet) Elk are the second most prominent type of deer and can weigh up to 600 kg (1,300 lb). Elk can jump up to 8 feet high. Elk can also run at high speeds, up to 40 kilometers per hour (25 miles per hour).
Mule Deer: (3 feet) Mule deer are smaller than white-tailed deer but larger than fawns. Mule deer can weigh up to 55-150 kg (121-331 lb). They can jump up to 3 feet high, which is impressive considering their size. Mule deer can also run at high speeds, up to 56 kilometers per hour (35 miles per hour).
Roe Deer: (4.9 to 6.6 feet) Roe deer are the smallest members of the deer family. They weigh up to 35 kg (77 lb). Roe deer are proficient jumpers and can jump up to 1 m (3.3 ft) high. When running from predators or other threats, roe deer can reach speeds of up to 37 miles per hour.
Reindeer: (6 to 8 feet) The reindeer is the most significant type of deer in the world. They weigh up to 180 kg (396 lb). Reindeer can jump up to 1.8 m (6 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 2.4 m (8 ft) high. Reindeer can reach speeds of up to 40 miles per hour.
Red Deer: (9.8 to 13 feet) Red deer weigh up to 160-240 kg (350-530 lb). They can jump up to 1.8 m (6 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 3.0 m (9.8 ft) high, which is impressive considering their size. When startled, red deer will also run at high speeds, up to 50 kilometers per hour (40 miles per hour).
Fallow Deer: (4.9 to 16 feet) Fallow deer weigh between 60 to 100 kg (130-220 lb). Fallow deer can jump up to 1.75 m (5 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 5 m (16 ft) high.
Moose: (6.6 to 10.8 feet) Moose can weigh up to 700 kg ( 1543 lb). Moose can jump up to 3 m (9.8 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 4.6 m (15 ft) high. When running from predators or other threats, moose can reach speeds of up to 56 kilometers per hour (35 miles per hour).
Black-Tailed Deer: (5.9 to 9.8 feet) Black-tailed deer weigh between 55-150 kg (121-330 lb). Black-tailed deer can jump up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) high at a slow speed and up to 3.0 m (9.8 ft) high.
Why Do Deer Jump?
There are a few reasons why deer might jump.
- They will likely jump to escape whatever has frightened them if they are startled.
- Additionally, jumping may be the best option if a deer wants to cross an obstacle, such as a fence or stream.
- To reach food or water that is out of reach
- Bucks will sometimes jump during the rutting season to impress females.
- For fun! ( Yes, deer have been known to jump just for the sake of jumping)
Note: Deer do not jump more than 6 feet unless they are being chased. The best height for a deer fence is 7.5 to 8 feet tall.
How Do Deer Jump?
Deer can jump so high due to their powerful hind legs. When a deer wants to jump, it will lower its front legs and then explosively push off with its back legs. This allows them to reach heights impossible for humans to match!
Do Deer Ever Hurt Themselves When They Jump?
Yes, deer can sometimes hurt themselves when they jump. A deer jumping too high or too far can land awkwardly and break a leg. Deer have also been known to jump into traffic and get hit by cars. However, these injuries are rare, and most deer jump without incident.
As you can see, deer can jump to impressive heights, depending on the species. They jump due to their powerful hind legs. Many deer will jump even higher than their usual maximums. So, if you see a deer in your backyard, be prepared for it to jump over your fence!